Tuesday, September 1, 2020

History of Vredeburg Fort in Yogyakarta

 
The tourist city of Yogyakarta is a source of inspiration for many things, apart from culture, art and history. The history of the city of Yogyakarta is very thick with the existence of the Yogyakarta Mataram Sultanate, the Dutch existence in the past, and the history of the archipelago kingdoms that once existed in this City of Education.

Benteng Vredeberg Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta Vredeburg Fortress Building Gate which is now the Education Museum

One of the relics of the past in Yogyakarta is the Vredeburg fortress, which is located on Jalan Margo Mulyo No. 6 Yogyakarta City which now functions has turned into an education museum. This location is directly opposite to Gedung Agung and the Sultan's Palace.

Tiket masuk Benteng Vredeberg Yogyakarta
The entrance ticket to Yogyakarta Vredenburg Fort is only Rp. 3,000, - only.

In addition, Vredeburg fort is also close to other historical buildings such as the BNI 1946 building, the Post office building, the Bank Indonesia building and the Societeit Militaire. It is strategically located at the zero kilometer point of the city center of Yogyakarta.

Benteng Vredeburg Yogyakarta
Inside of Yogyakarta Vredeburg Fortress

The Vredeburg building was not originally named Vredeburg as it is today. The fort was built by Sri Sultan Hamangku Buwono I in 1760 at the request of the Dutch who at that time was at the time of the Governor General of the North Coast of Java named Nicolaas Harting.

Benteng Vredeberd
Fort Vredeburg on the inside with antique buildings.

The initial aim of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I's intention was to maintain the security of the palace palace and the city of Yogyakarta, but it turned out that the Dutch took this opportunity to become a place to facilitate Dutch control over Yogya City.

Benteng Vredeberg Yogyakarta
There are many remains in Vredeburg Fort Yogyakarta.

The initial construction of the Vredeburg building was only made of concrete walls made of earth with coconut wood pillars in a square shape, added with each corner of the building in the form of a bastion or guard station.

Vredeburg Fortress Museum
Statue of the Fighters of the Republic of Indonesia

Then in 1767 during the Governor General H.W. van Ossenberg began making building changes to be more permanent on the budget of the VOC. The construction was under the supervision of a Dutch engineer, Ir. Frans Haak.

The process of building this fort took a very long time, which is almost 20 years, so it was only completed in 1787. In that year it was also inaugurated and was given the name 'Rustenberg' which means a resting place. In the past, many high-ranking Dutch East Indies, either in the city of Yogya or from Batavia and from the Netherlands, when visiting Yogya always used Fort Rustenburg as a resting place.

In 1867 there was a big earthquake in Yogyakarta which damaged many buildings in the City of Yogya and its surroundings, including part of the Rustenberg fort that was damaged. After the damage to the building was repaired, the name of this fort was changed to Fort Vredeburg which means peace.

Sudirman, Vredeburg Fortress
Statue of General Sudirman in Vredeburg Fortress which was made after the Indonesian Independence period.
Now Fort Vredeburg has functioned as an educational museum managed by the Yogyakarta Provincial Government of the Yogyakarta Provincial Government of the Fort Vredeburg Museum. This museum conveys a variety of information, such as history, culture, art and various other educational elements for the younger generation and is also a fun recreation area especially for children. Various presentations in this museum are in an educational and entertainment format.

Referensi : - vredeburg.id
                 - wikipedia.org
                 - Etc.

Tag. :  Vredenberg, Yogya City, Yogyakarta, Musium Benteng Vredenberg, Musium, Benteng Vredenberg 

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