Thursday, September 17, 2020

Yogyakarta Batik Cloth, Art and Cultural Heritage in Javanese Philosopy

Batik is one of the fabrics that has a long history and is an important part of the culture of Indonesian society. One of the famous types of batik is batik which comes from the city of Yogyakarta which is a city of culture and arts.

Yogyakarta batik is one of the icons of the city of Yogyakarta. It's a shame if you go to Yogya but don't buy batik. Moreover, family and friends at home want souvenirs. Yogya batik souvenirs taste just right. In addition to souvenirs, batik is also for personal needs, because now batik is widely used for work clothes, not just for parties. Batik cloth has become one of the characteristics of an important community and region. This traditional identity has been around for a long time.

Batik, Batik Yogya
A Batik Craftsman who is writing traditional batik

In Javanese culture, the term batik comes from the tik syllable. The word tik refers to the points during the process of making traditional batik with delicate, soft, and detailed hands. The word drip is certainly a work that must use a tool that can drip. The tool is called a "canting" which contains dye ink on the inside. After the ingredients run out, the canting is dipped again in a kind of bowl containing batik dye which is continuously heated on a small stove.

Batik, Batik Yogya
Yogyakarta Batik Monument on Malioboro Street

Making batik requires perseverance and patience to give a pattern to the entire surface of the fabric. Making batik is not only an art but also an expression of the feelings of the batik artists. All scratches and dots or coloring are very affected by a "taste" from the Batik maker.

Batik, Batik Yogya
The Yogya Batik Monument is in the middle of the Malioboro street square

Batik makers usually sit on a short stool or what is called “dingklik” and sit for a very long time to complete a complete batik art production. The specialty of making batik is that many mothers are old enough but very productive to produce batik art.

Yogyakarta City is one of the centers of Javanese batik culture. Actually, there are many cities in Java that have their own hues and colors of their batik, but it can be said that Yogyakarta is the center of Yogyakarta's batik trade. The main factor that makes it easier for the people of Yogya to sell their batik is because Yogyakarta is a very attractive tourist destination.

Batik, Batik Yogya
Tempat penjualan batik Yogya di Malioboro

 

 

   

Although Yogyakarta batik has its own uniqueness, it also has quite a wide variety of variations. If we come to various batik sales centers, we will feel the many variations. This shows the dynamics that exist in the city of Gudeg, but the dynamics still have quite prominent characteristics and peculiarities, namely: the dominant use of black, white and brown residents, but sometimes there is also a mixture of a little dark blue. Another prominent feature is the use of reliefs from plant forms.

Yogyakarta batik is also a type of batik whose work is still traditionally handwritten with a canting tool. Batik hunters are still looking for batik that is done in a traditional way. Besides looking more original as an art of batik, handwritten original batik also looks authentic and classy.

Batik, Batik Yogya
Pasar Bringharjo yang menjadi pusat penjualan batik Yogya


What batik seekers are looking for from Yogya batik is also that the price is relatively cheaper than batik from other cities in Java. The markets in Yogya City, both traditional and modern markets, in the form of malls, are not devoid of the batik trade. Batik for the people of Yogyakarta is not just an icon but a spirit to improve the economy and standard of living.

In general, the motifs and styles of Yogya batik are divided into several groups, namely:

Kawung Motif

The kawung motif includes the motifs common to Yogya batik. Mitif takes the form of consistent spheres like Kawung fruits. Kawung fruit is a type of coconut fruit which is usually used to make kolang kaling material. Kawung motif is usually a long cloth that is widely used for scarves or headscarves.

Parang Motif

There are two kinds of parang motifs, namely the damaged parang and the barong machete. Broken machetes means human resistance by controlling evil, so that evil can turn into a form of glory and wisdom.

For the barong machete motif which means that a leader will guard his heart and become an honest, fair and wise ruler. A leader must be compassionate and full of responsibility towards his people.

Batik Tambal Motif

The patched batik motif is related to the belief in the magical power of batik. The word patch means to heal and or repair (recovery). In Javanese culture there is a belief and hope that people who use patched batik will recover their illness. Of course this has to do with philosophy to maintain enthusiasm and hope to recover and live optimistically.

Truntum Motif

Truntum batik motif means a type of kasik batik which is classified as rare which is still preserved until now. Truntum batik motif is commonly used in weddings. Truntum motif batik symbolizes the hope that the love and affection of the two married brides can be maintained and continue to be happy together.

In fact, there are many other types of motifs such as the motif of the parang damaged gendreh, the parang damaged klitik, the big cement swat gurda, the big cement swat lar, the udan liris, the rujak sente, and the parang-parangan. There are several motifs that are not allowed to be used by the public but are special and special for the Sultan and the Yogyakarta palace family. But for now, this regulation has become more flexible and only applies to the Yogyakarta Palace and does not apply to the general public.

TheIndonesiaAdvanture.com Team Writter
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Key. : Yogyakarta, culture, batik art, batik clothes, cloth, batik, Yogyakarta batik

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