Thursday, September 17, 2020

Yogyakarta Batik Cloth, Art and Cultural Heritage in Javanese Philosopy

Batik is one of the fabrics that has a long history and is an important part of the culture of Indonesian society. One of the famous types of batik is batik which comes from the city of Yogyakarta which is a city of culture and arts.

Yogyakarta batik is one of the icons of the city of Yogyakarta. It's a shame if you go to Yogya but don't buy batik. Moreover, family and friends at home want souvenirs. Yogya batik souvenirs taste just right. In addition to souvenirs, batik is also for personal needs, because now batik is widely used for work clothes, not just for parties. Batik cloth has become one of the characteristics of an important community and region. This traditional identity has been around for a long time.

Batik, Batik Yogya
A Batik Craftsman who is writing traditional batik

In Javanese culture, the term batik comes from the tik syllable. The word tik refers to the points during the process of making traditional batik with delicate, soft, and detailed hands. The word drip is certainly a work that must use a tool that can drip. The tool is called a "canting" which contains dye ink on the inside. After the ingredients run out, the canting is dipped again in a kind of bowl containing batik dye which is continuously heated on a small stove.

Batik, Batik Yogya
Yogyakarta Batik Monument on Malioboro Street

Making batik requires perseverance and patience to give a pattern to the entire surface of the fabric. Making batik is not only an art but also an expression of the feelings of the batik artists. All scratches and dots or coloring are very affected by a "taste" from the Batik maker.

Batik, Batik Yogya
The Yogya Batik Monument is in the middle of the Malioboro street square

Batik makers usually sit on a short stool or what is called “dingklik” and sit for a very long time to complete a complete batik art production. The specialty of making batik is that many mothers are old enough but very productive to produce batik art.

Yogyakarta City is one of the centers of Javanese batik culture. Actually, there are many cities in Java that have their own hues and colors of their batik, but it can be said that Yogyakarta is the center of Yogyakarta's batik trade. The main factor that makes it easier for the people of Yogya to sell their batik is because Yogyakarta is a very attractive tourist destination.

Batik, Batik Yogya
Tempat penjualan batik Yogya di Malioboro




Although Yogyakarta batik has its own uniqueness, it also has quite a wide variety of variations. If we come to various batik sales centers, we will feel the many variations. This shows the dynamics that exist in the city of Gudeg, but the dynamics still have quite prominent characteristics and peculiarities, namely: the dominant use of black, white and brown residents, but sometimes there is also a mixture of a little dark blue. Another prominent feature is the use of reliefs from plant forms.

Yogyakarta batik is also a type of batik whose work is still traditionally handwritten with a canting tool. Batik hunters are still looking for batik that is done in a traditional way. Besides looking more original as an art of batik, handwritten original batik also looks authentic and classy.

Batik, Batik Yogya
Pasar Bringharjo yang menjadi pusat penjualan batik Yogya

What batik seekers are looking for from Yogya batik is also that the price is relatively cheaper than batik from other cities in Java. The markets in Yogya City, both traditional and modern markets, in the form of malls, are not devoid of the batik trade. Batik for the people of Yogyakarta is not just an icon but a spirit to improve the economy and standard of living.

In general, the motifs and styles of Yogya batik are divided into several groups, namely:

Kawung Motif

The kawung motif includes the motifs common to Yogya batik. Mitif takes the form of consistent spheres like Kawung fruits. Kawung fruit is a type of coconut fruit which is usually used to make kolang kaling material. Kawung motif is usually a long cloth that is widely used for scarves or headscarves.

Parang Motif

There are two kinds of parang motifs, namely the damaged parang and the barong machete. Broken machetes means human resistance by controlling evil, so that evil can turn into a form of glory and wisdom.

For the barong machete motif which means that a leader will guard his heart and become an honest, fair and wise ruler. A leader must be compassionate and full of responsibility towards his people.

Batik Tambal Motif

The patched batik motif is related to the belief in the magical power of batik. The word patch means to heal and or repair (recovery). In Javanese culture there is a belief and hope that people who use patched batik will recover their illness. Of course this has to do with philosophy to maintain enthusiasm and hope to recover and live optimistically.

Truntum Motif

Truntum batik motif means a type of kasik batik which is classified as rare which is still preserved until now. Truntum batik motif is commonly used in weddings. Truntum motif batik symbolizes the hope that the love and affection of the two married brides can be maintained and continue to be happy together.

In fact, there are many other types of motifs such as the motif of the parang damaged gendreh, the parang damaged klitik, the big cement swat gurda, the big cement swat lar, the udan liris, the rujak sente, and the parang-parangan. There are several motifs that are not allowed to be used by the public but are special and special for the Sultan and the Yogyakarta palace family. But for now, this regulation has become more flexible and only applies to the Yogyakarta Palace and does not apply to the general public. Team Writter

Key. : Yogyakarta, culture, batik art, batik clothes, cloth, batik, Yogyakarta batik

Monday, September 7, 2020

Gamelan instruments are The Original Culture of The Archipelago Since The Ancient Mataram Period

The image of the sense of art in the archipelago (the homeland of Indonesia in the era of the kingdoms in the past ruling) has existed since the past, maybe even since prehistoric times, although the proof is increasingly difficult. However, past historical traces have noted that the gamelan musical instrument existed in the past in Nusantara culture. The sense of creativity and human initiative in the form of musical sounds resulting from a combination of gamelan musical instruments accompanies the journey of life as a means of fulfilling sacred and artistic needs in the traditions and culture of the archipelago in the past.

The gamelan is a Javanese musical instrument that features demung, saron, peking, xylophone, drums, and gongs. The strains of the gamelan instrument are a single unit of tone and rhythm that blends in a common rhythm. The sound of music from the gamelan becomes the sender of dances, performances, or becomes the accompaniment of the sinden song. Sindhén is the name for a woman who sings to accompany a gamelan orchestra. Gamelan is also used to accompany wayang kulit performances which are usually held in Central Java, Yogyakarta and East Java. Also other areas in the archipelago where there are many Javanese traditional communities.
Java Gamelan
Javanese Gamelan at the Borobudur Temple Tourism Complex.
Gamelan actually has a long history throughout the history of Javanese culture and traditions. Various evidences show that Javanese music culture in the form of gamelan has many evidences that can be seen in various reliefs of temples and inscriptions. Like the reliefs in Borobudur Temple which show several shows that use musical instruments, including the form of the performances, the musical instruments used and even the background of the performances are in the depiction of the reliefs.

Examples of the development of musical culture and musical instruments in the archipelago on the island of Java are very old. Javanese people have known music and musical instruments for a long time. Culture with the use of musical instruments is supported by the classical period of Hinduism and Buddhism in Java. The culture of musical instruments in the past can be traced through the artifacts that we can find today.
Java Gamelan
A set of Javanese Gemelan musical instruments.

Archaeological evidence shows that the culture of music in classical times, especially in the era of the ancient Mataram civilization, can be seen from the reliefs written on the walls of Prambanan temples and statues of gods. The various artifacts provide evidence that musical instruments have been around for a long time.

One such evidence is the original statue of the Goddess of Arts made of bronze, small in size, and found in Surocolo Village, Pundong, Bantul, Yogyakarta Special Region. Now, the statues are kept at the Yogyakarta Special Region Cultural Heritage Preservation Office.

Another proof of the many evidences about the gamelan tradition in the archipelago is the discovery of original rontal manuscripts made of tal leaves. This manuscript was written around the 14th century AD. The text of the manuscript is written in 127 leaves and contains 33 stems. The symbol for writing is Middle Javanese letters. The manuscript contains the Panji story, which is a romance story between Raden Panji Asmarabangun from the Kuripan kingdom and Dewi Sekartaji from the Daha kingdom. The tek script tells of a romantic encounter accompanied by songs and music similar to a gamelan.

Some of the evidence is for example the Javanese gamelan musical instrument which is the original culture of the Javanese people of the past. Until now it has been proven that there is no gamelan that is exactly the same as the Javanese gamelan in other countries.
Java Gamelan
Gong musical instrument, one of the supporters of the Javanese Gamelan.

A complete gamelan instrument consists of several combinations of musical instruments, such as; drums, bonang, bonang successors, demung. saron, peking, saron, kenong and tap, slenthem and gender. This musical instrument features xylophone, metallophones, drums, and gongs.

The rhythm of the gamelan music is soft and distinctive. Likewise, the angklung musical instrument, gamelan must be played together in a musical composition. Togetherness in playing is a reflection of harmony, harmony, and cooperation to get a dynamic and interesting rhythm.

gamelan milik Kesultanan Yogyakarta
Seperangkat alat musik gamelan milik Kesultanan Yogyakarta.

The original gamelan instrument is a Javanese tradition in the ancient Mataram era which already has a high artistic image. Several temples from ancient Mataram have become authentic evidence of the origin of Javanese gamelan. Although Hinduism originated in India, there is no authentic evidence of gamelan in India. People in India have never known gamelan either from the past or until the present. Although various Hindu Gods are associated with gamelan musical instruments, this is only part of the local culture in Java.

Seperangkat alat musik gamelan milik Kesultanan Yogyakarta yang disimpan dalam keraton.

The development of the gamelan musical instrument culture grew rapidly during the Majapahit Kingdom when it reached its heyday at the time when Hayam Wuruk and Maha Patih Gajah Mada were in power. This period supported the development of gamelan culture which spread to various places throughout the Majapahit region. The development and tradition of gamelan were still maintained until the Mataram Sultanate was based in Yogyakarta until now.

Due to the popularity of gamelan, the Government plans to submit gamelan as a world cultural heritage to the United Nations and UNESCO. There is some evidence that the gamelan culture originated from Javanese culture.

Tag. :  Javanese gamelan, gamelan art, gamelan culture, gamelan,  gamelan tradition, gamelan culture, gamelan musical instruments, gamelan in Yogyakarta, gamelan in Java, wayang and gamelan, Javanese dance senders, art tours, culture, cultural tourism

Saturday, January 21, 2012

Suku Baduy di Pedalaman Banten. Hutan adalah Rumah Kami


Photografer : Yogga Yerriandra

Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Old Homes in Heritage, Pakuan Ratu, Way Kanan

Monday, December 5, 2011

Raden Jambat Festival in Way Kanan, Lampung

Seni Tari Way Kanan dan Teatrikal Radin Jambat
Lampung banyak menyelenggarakan macam-macam festival, salah satu festival yang diselenggarakan oleh Pemda Kabupaten Way Kanan yang bernama Festival Radin Jambat. Even ini  diselenggarakan sebagai agenda tahunan menjelang peringatan HUT Kabupaten Way Kanan.

Festival Radin Jambat diselenggarakan sebagai ajang pelestarian dan pengembangan budaya daerah Way Kanan yang menjadi bagian dari kekayaan budaya nusantara.  Diharapkan kegiatan ini juga meningkatkan gairah wisata di kabupaten Way Kanan.

Berbagai kegiatan seni dan even pariwisata dilakukan pada saat penyelenggaraan Radin Jambat ini seperti pagelaran seni tari kreasi Lampung.