The Sumatran Tiger, The Irony of The Endangered Forest King

One of the wild animals in the Sumatran forest that is highly protected is the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae). The Sumatran tiger is a big cat that lives in its natural habitat on the island of Sumatra and is one of six tiger subspecies that is still alive today.

The origin of the Sumatran tiger comes from the descendants of ancient predators known as Miacids that lived at the end of the Cretaceous period in the period 70-65 million years ago during the dinosaur era in West Asia, as written by Andrew Kitchener in his book; "The Natural History of Wild Cats".

This tiger then spread to eastern Asia, namely to China and Siberia before splitting in two. Then he traveled again to the western and southwestern Central Asia region. Onwards to Southeast Asia then to Indonesia and finally to the Island of Sumatra, Java Island and Bali Island.

Sumatran tiger.
Illustration : Sumatran tiger.
Tigers are rare and are classified as critically endangered animals. The tiger is included in the red list of threatened species released by the IUCN World Conservation Institute. Based on 2004 data published by, the population of Sumatran tigers is only about 400 individuals in the wild..

Sumatran tiger.
Illustration : Sumatran tiger.

Siblings of Sumatran tigers such as the Bali tiger have been declared extinct since the 1940s. Likewise, the Javan tiger was declared extinct, no longer seen since the 1980s. In the late 1970s, it is believed the Sumatran tiger population was around 1,000, then decreased again to around 400-500 in the early 1990s.

From the data from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in 2007, the estimated population of Sumatran tigers from the eight areas that have been identified from 18 existing areas is only around 250 tails. This is certainly very worrying and worrying, because the Sumatran tiger is the last big cat that is still around.

Therefore we need to support the movement at the meeting on 23 November 2010 in St. Petersburg. Petersburg, Russia in a meeting known as The St. Petersburg Declaration on Tiger Conservation in efforts to conserve Tigers in the world with the designation of July 29 as the International Tiger Celebration.

The meeting agreed on a concerted effort by the world to double the tiger population by 2022. The meeting also agreed that the King of the Forest predators are an important indicator of a healthy ecosystem. Damage to the ecosystem will not only impact the extinction of tigers, but also the loss of biodiversity.

The condition of the threat of extinction of the Sumatran tiger due to this big cat has begun to lose its natural habitat due to the high level of deforestation of Sumatra for various plantations, settlements and industrial projects. Tigers are also highly sought after by hunters for the illegal trade, which sells various tiger organs at high prices on the illegal market for various purposes, such as traditional medicines, decorations, amulets, jewelry and so on.

Data on tiger hunting were published from the results of a survey by Profauna Indonesia supported by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) in July - October 2008. During those 4 months, Profauna visited 21 cities / locations in Sumatra and Jakarta. From the survey results, it was found that of the 21 cities visited by Profauna, 10 of them were found to have trade in tiger parts (48%). The body parts are in the form of skin, mustache, claws, or whole opsetan.

The Government of Indonesia and the Government of the United States of America in the conservation of Tropical Forests of Sumatra through the Tropical Forest Conservation Action for Sumatra (TFCA-Sumatra) program encourages the strengthening of support and active involvement of the community, government and also the private sector so that tigers are maintained in nature. This activity is also supported by the KEHATI Foundation and partners working in the field to identify at least five important things that must be done to achieve the target of increasing the Sumatran tiger population.
Photograger : Azzahra R. Team Writter

Tag. : tiger,  sumatra jungle, big cats, king of the jungle, tiger population, tiger extinction, rare tigers, tiger hunting, tiger conservation, sumatra tiger condition, wild animal, jungle, sumatra jungle, nature, sumatra tigers